7 Difference Between True Fruit And False Fruit With Examples

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Botanically, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants also known as angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering. However, in some fruits, it is not the ovary that forms the fruit. In fact, some other part of the flower, like the thalamus, inflorescence, and calyx are modified to become a part of the fruit. In this regard, fruits are classified as either true or false fruits depending on whether the fruit developed from a fertilized ovary or not.

What Is A True Fruit?

A true fruit can be defined as the fruit which is formed from the fertilized ovary of the flower.  Any true fruit will almost show the following:

  • The pericarp i.e the ovary wall
  • The seed or seeds i.e the fertilized and ripen ovules
  • The remains of style and stigma or scar where these have been detached.

Examples of true fruits are:

  • Mango,
  • Kiwi fruit,
  • Blueberry,
  • Plums,
  • Peaches,
  • Pears,
  • Watermelon,
  • Cherry,
  • Orange,
  • Raspberry,
  • Maize,
  • Grape etc

What You Need To Know About True Fruit

  1. True fruit to a fruit in which all tissues are derived from a ripened ovary and its contents.
  2. True fruit can be simple fruits, aggregate fruits and multiple fruits.
  3. True fruit is also referred to as Eucarp.
  4. Fertilized ovary is the only part of the plant involved in forming the fruit.
  5. True fruit develop from the mature and ripened ovary.
  6. True fruit forms after fertilization
  7. True fruits contain seeds

What Is A False Fruit?

A false fruit is defined as the fruit which is formed from the ripened ovary along with some other parts of flower like the base or receptacle, the perianth, thalamus, inflorescence or calyx. Examples of false fruits are cashew-nut which develops from the peduncle, apple, pear, gourd and cucumber which develops from the thalamus, jack fruit and pineapple which develops from the entire inflorescence. Other includes:

  • Banana
  • Strawberry
  • Mulberry
  • Banana
  • Syzygium jambos
  • Figs

What You Need To Know About False Fruit

  1. False fruit refers to a fruit formed from other parts of the plant as well as the ovary, especially the receptacle.
  2. Ovules get transformed into seeds. True fruits are made up of two parts namely, pericarp and the seed.
  3. False fruit is also referred to as Pseudo-carp, Parthenocarpic fruit or accessory fruit.
  4. Parts of the plant involved in fruit formation are floral parts such as thalamus, peduncle and perianth.
  5. False fruits arise from other floral parts except the ovary.
  6. False fruit develops without fertilization
  7. False fruit is Parthenocarpic in nature and does not contain seeds

Also Read: Difference Between Caryopsis And Cypsela

Difference Between True Fruit And False Fruit In Tabular Form

BASIS OF COMPARISON   TRUE FRUIT FALSE FRUIT
Description True fruit to a fruit in which all tissues are derived from a ripened ovary and its contents.   False fruit refers to a fruit formed from other parts of the plant as well as the ovary, especially the receptacle.  
Nature True fruit can be simple fruits, aggregate fruits and multiple fruits.   Ovules get transformed into seeds. True fruits are made up of two parts namely, pericarp and the seed.  
Alternative Name True fruit is also referred to as Eucarp.   False fruit is also referred to as Pseudo-carp, Parthenocarpic fruit or accessory fruit.  
Parts Involves In Formation Fertilized ovary is the only part of the plant involved in forming the fruit.   Parts of the plant involved in fruit formation are floral parts such as thalamus, peduncle and perianth.  
Development True fruit develop from the mature and ripened ovary.   False fruits arise from other floral parts except the ovary.  
Fertilization True fruit forms after fertilization   False fruit develops without fertilization  
Seeds True fruits contain seeds   False fruit is Parthenocarpic in nature and does not contain seeds  

Also Read: Difference Between Dicot And Monocot Seeds

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