14 Difference Between Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) And Light Fidelity (LiFi) (With Comparison Chart)

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What Is Wireless Fidelity (WiFi)?

WiFi is a wireless networking technology that uses radio waves to provide wireless high-speed internet and network connections. By using this technology we can exchange the information between two or more devices. WiFi is built upon a set of standards that allow high-speed and secure communication between a wide variety of digital devices, access points and hardware. It makes it possible for WiFi capable devices to access internet without the need for actual wires.

A WiFi network was invented by NCR corporation/AT&T in Netherlands in 1991 and is capable of transmitting data at a frequency level of between 2,4 GHz and 5 GHz. WiFi is supported by many applications and devices including video game consoles, home networks, PDAs, Mobile phones, major operating systems and other types of consumer electronics.

Advantages Of WiFi

  • Wireless devices can be moved from one destination to another
  • WiFi set up and configuration is easy than cabling process.
  • It is completely safe with no ability to interfere with any network.
  • WiFi networks can serve a sudden increase in number of users with increasing equipment.
  • Access to the WiFi network can be availed from anywhere within the WiFi access point.

What You Need To Know About WiFi

  1. WiFi was invented by NCR Corporation in 1991.
  2. WiFi transmits data using radio waves with the help of a Wi-Fi router.
  3. Used for internet browsing with the help of Wi-Fi Cafes or Wi-Fi hotspots.
  4. In WiFi, radio frequency signal passes through the walls and hence there is a need to employ techniques to achieve secure data transfer.
  5. WiFi utilizes modems and radio frequency signal for wireless data communication.
  6. WiFi suffers from interference issues from nearby access points (routers).
  7. WiFi operates at different frequency bands between 2.4 GHz, 4.9 GHzand 5 GHz.
  8. WiFi can cover a distance of about 32 meters but varies based on transmit power and antenna type.
  9. Speed of data transfer for WiFi is between 150Mbps and 2 Gbps.
  10. Due to significant interference, WiFi cannot pass through sea water and work in less dense region.
  11. WiFi is compatible with WLAN 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ad devices.
  12. A complete WiFi system is made up a router and a subscriber device (laptops, PDAs and desktops.
  13. WiFi is used to exchange data at much high power level compared to LiFi.
  14. Works in less dense environment due to interference related issues.

What Is Light Fidelity (LiFi)?

LiFi is a wireless optical networking technology that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for data transmission. LiFi is a Visible Light Communications (VLC) system and thus capable of transmitting data at high speeds over the visible light, ultraviolet and infrared spectrums. This means that it accommodates a photo-detector to receive light signals and a signal processing element to convert the data into ‘streamable’ content. 

 LiFi is designed to use LED light bulbs similar to those currently in use in many homes and offices. In other words with LiFi, your bulb is essentially your router. The term LiFi was coined by University of Edinburgh Professor Harald Haas during a TED Talk in 2011. Haas envisioned light bulbs that could act as wireless routers. After a thorough research, Prof Haas was able to set up a company in 2012 referred to as PureLiFi with the aim of being a world leader in visible light communication technology.

In terms of its end use, the technology is similar to WiFi, however WiFi uses radio frequency to transmit data. Using light to transmit data allows LiFi to offer several advantages, most notably a wider bandwidth channel, the ability to safely function in areas otherwise susceptible to electromagnetic interference e.g aircraft cabins, hospitals and military barracks.  

Advantage Of LiFi

  • The data transfer rate for internet application is higher.
  • LiFi is easy to install
  • Does not suffer interference from other networks.
  • It is more secure because data cannot be intercepted without a clear line of sight.
  • Does not create interference in sensitive electronics, making it better for use in environments like hospitals and aircrafts.
  • Prevents piggybacking.

What You Need To Know About LiFi

  1. LiFi was first described by Prof. Harald Haas in 2011.
  2. LiFi transmits data using light with the help of LED bulbs.
  3. Used in airlines, undersea explorations, operation theaters in the hospitals, office and home premises for data transfer and internet browsing.
  4. In LiFi, light does not pass through the walls and hence will provide a much secure data transfer.
  5. LiFi utilizes LED bulbs and light signals for wireless data communication.
  6. LiFi does not have any interference issues similar to radio frequency waves.
  7. LiFi operates between wavelengths in the range from 380 nm to 780 nm.
  8. LiFi can cover distance up to 10 meters.
  9. Speed of data transfer for LiFi is about 1 Gbps.
  10. Due to less interference, LiFi signal can pass through salty sea water and can also work in dense region.
  11. LiFi is compatible with IrD devices.
  12. A complete LiFi system is made up of LED bulb (lamp), photodetector and lamp driver.
  13. LiFi is used to exchange data incredibly and securely at much lower power level compared to WiFi.
  14. Works in high dense environment.  

Difference Between WiFi And LiFi In Tabular Form

BASIS OF COMPARISON   WiFi LiFi
Development WiFi was invented by NCR Corporation in 1991.   LiFi was first described by Prof. Harald Haas in 2011.  
Data Transmission It transmits data using radio waves with the help of a Wi-Fi router.   It transmits data using light with the help of LED bulbs.  
Application Used for internet browsing with the help of Wi-Fi Cafes or Wi-Fi hotspots.   Used in airlines, undersea explorations, operation theaters in the hospitals, office and home premises for data transfer and internet browsing.  
Passage Through Walls Radio frequency signal passes through the walls and hence there is a need to employ techniques to achieve secure data transfer.   Light does not pass through the walls and hence will provide a much secure data transfer.  
Components It utilizes modems and radio frequency signal for wireless data communication.   It utilizes LED bulbs and light signals for wireless data communication.  
Interference It suffers from interference issues from nearby access points (routers).   It does not have any interference issues similar to radio frequency waves.  
Frequency Band It operates at different frequency bands between 2.4 GHz, 4.9 GHzand 5 GHz.   It operates between wavelengths in the range from 380 nm to 780 nm.  
Distance Of Coverage It can cover a distance of about 32 meters but varies based on transmit power and antenna type.   It can cover distance up to 10 meters.  
Speed Of Data Transfer Speed of data transfer for WiFi is between 150Mbps and 2 Gbps.   Speed of data transfer for LiFi is about 1 Gbps.  
Passage Through Sea Water Or Salty Water Due to significant interference, WiFi cannot pass through sea water and work in less dense region.   Due to less interference, LiFi signal can pass through salty sea water and can also work in dense region.  
Compatibility It is compatible with WLAN 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ad devices.   It is compatible with IrD devices.  
Components Of A Complete System A complete WiFi system is made up a router and a subscriber device (laptops, PDAs and desktops.   A complete LiFi system is made up of LED bulb (lamp), photodetector and lamp driver.  
Operation Power Level It is used to exchange data at much high power level compared to LiFi.   It is used to exchange data incredibly and securely at much lower power level compared to WiFi.  
Working Environment Works in less dense environment due to interference related issues.   Works in high dense environment.