12 Difference Between Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) And Java Database Community (JDBC)

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What Is ODBC (Open Database Connectivity)?

In computing, Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a standard application programming interphase (API) for communicating and accessing database management systems. ODBC consists of four components working together to enable to enable functions. ODBC allows programs to use SQL requests that access database without knowing the proprietary interfaces to the databases. ODBC handles the SQL requests and converts it into a request each database system understands.

The main goal of ODBC is to make it possible to access any data from any application, regardless of which database management system (DBMS) is handling the data. ODBC manages this by inserting a middle layer called a database driver between an application and DBMS.

The four main components of ODBC are:

  • Data Source: The data being accessed and its database management system (DBMS) OS.
  • Driver:  Handles ODBC function calls and then submits each SQL requests to a data source.
  • Application:  Processes and calls the ODBC functions and submits the SQL statements.
  • Driver Manager: Loads drivers for each application.

What You Need To Know About ODBC

  1. ODBC was introduced by Microsoft prior to JDBC in 1992.
  2. Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a standard application programming interphase for communicating and accessing database management systems.
  3. ODBC can be used for any language like C, C++, Java etc.
  4. ODBC is mainly implemented on Visual Basic language and therefore the code needs to be interpreted and then it can be executed.
  5. ODBC is basically an advanced version of coding with different approaches and therefore, the code for ODBC is complex and hard to learn.
  6. ODBC is procedure oriented because most of these drivers are developed in native languages like C and C++.
  7. ODBC is mainly based on the Microsoft IIS server and is implemented on Windows Based Systems.
  8. The ODBC architecture mainly consists of four components, namely: The driver, Driver manager, API and data source.
  9. ODBC is usually costly, but they provide a larger range of community and paid support.
  10. Security wise, ODBC is usually not a better choice because it’s a user interactive server and therefore it is prone to user errors.
  11. ODBC mainly works with respect to Windows NT security Architecture model.
  12. ODBC requires manual installation of the ODBC drivers in all the machines. The core components include driver manager, cursor library and installer DLL. Drivers and translators all need to be installed in order to work with the ODBC.

 What Is JDBC (Java Database Community)?

Java Database Community (JDBC) is an application programming interphase (API) for the Java programming language to determine the client’s database access features. It simplifies the process of connecting Java application to external, relational database management systems (RDBMS). JDBC is part of the Java Standard Edition platform from Oracle Corporation.

The JDBC interface consists of two layers that is, the JDBC API that support communication between the java application and the JDBC manager. The second layer is the JDBC driver that supports communication between the JDBC manager and the database driver.

The JDBC library includes APIs for the following tasks:

  • Viewing and modifying the resulting records.
  • Creating SQL or My SQL statements.
  • Executing SQL or MySQL queries in the database.
  • Making a connection to a database.

What You Need To Know About JDBC

  1. JDBC was introduced by SUN MicroSystems after ODBC in 1997.
  2. Java Database Community (JDBC) is an application programming interphase for the Java programming language to determine the client’s database access features.
  3. JDBC can only be implemented on Java languages.
  4. JDBC mainly runs on the Java Programming Language and can be compiled directly at the runtime.
  5. The code for JDBC is simpler and easy to learn.
  6. JDBC is purely object oriented type driver.
  7. JDBC is mainly used by Apache Tomcat web server and mainly implemented on Linux based web server. It can also run on JBoss and IBM application servers.
  8. JDBC architecture supports both two-tier and three tire layer processing database models but mainly consists of two layers of architecture, namely: JDBC API and JDBC Driver API.
  9. JDBC versions have a lot of community support for its users.
  10. JDBC is usually a better choice to ODBC because its users do not have access to the core system settings and therefore any error or security concern can be addressed quickly.
  11. JDBC mainly works with respect to Java Security Model.
  12. JDBC drivers do not require manual installation because JDBC drivers are written in Java and JDBC code is naturally installable, secure and mobile on all stages.

 Difference Between ODBC And JDBC In Tabular Form

BASIS OF COMPARISON ODBC JDBC
Introduction ODBC was introduced by Microsoft prior to JDBC in 1992.   JDBC was introduced by SUN MicroSystems after ODBC in 1997.  
Description Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a standard application programming interphase for communicating and accessing database management systems.   Java Database Community (JDBC) is an application programming interphase for the Java programming language to determine the client’s database access features.  
Implementation It can be used for any language like C, C++, Java etc.   JDBC can only be implemented on Java languages.  
Languages Mainly implemented on Visual Basic language and therefore the code need to be interpreted and then it can be executed.   Mainly runs on the Java Programming Language and can be compiled directly at the runtime.  
Coding It is basically an advanced version of coding with different approaches and therefore, the code for ODBC is complex and hard to learn.   The code for JDBC is simpler and easy to learn.  
Driver It is procedure oriented because most of these drivers are developed in native languages like C and C++.   Purely object oriented type driver.  
Use Mainly based on the Microsoft IIS server and is implemented on Windows Based Systems.   Mainly used by Apache Tomcat web server and mainly implemented on Linux based web server. It can also run on JBoss and IBM application servers.  
Components The ODBC architecture mainly consists of four components, namely: The driver, Driver manager, API and data source.   Its architecture supports both two-tier and three tire layer processing database models but mainly consists of two layers of architecture, namely: JDBC API and JDBC Driver API.  
Community Support It is usually costly, but they provide a larger range of community and paid support.   Its versions have a lot of community support for its users.  
Preference Security wise, ODBC is usually not a better choice because it’s a user interactive server and therefore it is prone to user errors.   It is usually a better choice to ODBC because its users do not have access to the core system settings and therefore any error or security concern can be addressed quickly.  
Functionality Mainly works with respect to Windows NT security Architecture model.   Mainly works with respect to Java Security Model.  
Installation ODBC requires manual installation of the ODBC drivers in all the machines. The core components include driver manager, cursor library and installer DLL. Drivers and translators all need to be installed in order to work with the ODBC.   JDBC drivers do not require manual installation because JDBC drivers are written in Java and JDBC code is naturally installable, secure and mobile on all stages.