Difference Between Male And Female Guinea Fowl


Male And Female Guinea Fowl

Guineafowl are birds of the family Numididae that includes pheasants, turkeys, chickens and grouse. They are endemic to Africa and rank among the oldest of the gallinaceous birds. They are often kept for their pest control abilities, as well as for their flavorful meat and ornamental value.

Male guineas, called guinea cocks or cockbirds, are generally larger than females. They have more prominent wattles and larger helmets, which are bony growths on their heads. These helmets become more pronounced as males mature. Female guineas, known as guinea hens or hens, are slightly smaller and have smaller, less prominent wattles and helmets.

Male guineas have brighter and more vibrant feathers with striking patterns. Their plumage may include spots and stripes in various shades of white, black, and gray. Female guineas tend to have more muted and uniform colors.

Male guineas tend to have a louder and more frequent call, which can be described as a repetitive “chi-chi-chi” or “buckwheat” sound. They use their vocalizations to establish territory and warn the flock of potential threats. Female guineas have somewhow quieter calls and may use them to communicate with their chicks or to signal alarm within the flock.

Males are territorial and can become aggressive, especially when protecting their mates and nesting sites. They may engage in displays of dominance, including puffing up their plumage and strutting to intimidate rivals. Female guineas are primarily focused on nesting and caring for their eggs and chicks.

Both male and female guinea fowl have similar dietary habits. They feed on a diet of insects, seeds, small invertebrates and different plant materials.

Male vs Female Guinea Fowl: Key Differences

CharacteristicMale Guinea FowlFemale Guinea Fowl
PlumageDarker, more vibrant colorsLighter, more subdued colors
HelmetProminent bony helmet on the headSmaller and less pronounced helmet
WattlesLarger, more prominent wattlesSmaller and less noticeable wattles
SizeSlightly larger and bulkierSlightly smaller and more streamlined
Neck ringWider and more defined neck ringNarrower and less pronounced neck ring
Feather patternsMore distinct and pronounced spotsSpots may be smaller and less defined
VoiceLouder and more frequent callsQuieter and less frequent calls
BehaviorMore aggressive and territorialCalmer and less territorial
CombLarger and more prominent combSmaller and less noticeable comb
SpurLonger and more developed spursShorter and less developed spurs
Reproductive roleMales mate with multiple femalesFemales lay eggs and care for the nest
Brooding behaviorDo not engage in broodingEngage in nest-building and incubation