What Is The Difference Between Macroscopic And Microscopic Forms Of Energy?


The microscopic forms of energy are those related to the molecular structure of a system and the degree of the molecular activity, and they are independent of outside reference frames. The sum of all the microscopic forms of energy is referred to as the internal energy of a system and is usually denoted by U.

The macroscopic forms of energy are those a system possesses as a whole with respect to some outside reference frame, such as kinetic and potential energies.

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